Strong workplace safety culture can have a huge impact on workplace health and safety. Research in this area aims to assist in defining and measuring safety culture and related concepts.

Workplace safety culture and safety climate Research Report

This post-doctoral research program on safety culture and safety climate examined workplace safety culture and safety climate from a regulators’ perspective. The study contributes to the evidence-base for translating safety culture and safety climate to OHS practice. Recommendations for implementing safety culture and safety climate activities to improve organisation safety outcomes from WorkSafe Victoria’s perspective were explored.

Authors: Vu, T; De Cieri, H

Keywords: safety climate; safety culture; occupational health and safety; OHS; workplace safety; work environment; prevention; best practice ; evidence-based

Date published: May 2016

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Safety climate in aged care Research Report

This report presents the key findings from three studies, in residential aged care and home and community care settings, investigating safety climate and its associations with employee safety voice, workplace social relations and OHS outcomes.

Authors: Vu, T; De Cieri, H

Keywords: safety climate; safety culture; occupational health and safety; OHS

Date published: May 2016

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Safety climate, occupational health and safety leadership and workers’ engagement in safety: Comparison of survey responses in two unions Research Report

This report compares the results of two Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) surveys, one conducted with the members of the Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation (ANMF) (Victorian Branch), and the second conducted with members of the Australian Education Union (Victorian Branch). This report presents an analysis of key survey findings related to safety climate, OHS leadership and workers’ engagement in safety.

Authors: De Cieri, H; Shea, T; Sheehan, C; Donohue, R; Cooper, B

Keywords: occupational health and safety; OHS; work environment; workplace safety

Date published: March 2016

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A multi-stage validation study to assess an OHS leading indicators tool in workplaces Research Report

Leading indicators of occupational health and safety (OHS) can be defined as measures of the positive steps that organisations take that may prevent an OHS incident from occurring. The OHS leading indicators project is a large research project that has been conducted by a research team at Monash University in partnership with WorkSafe Victoria, the Institute for Safety, Compensation and Recovery Research (ISCRR), the safesearch Executive GM Safety forum (GM Forum) and Safe Work Australia. Overall, this research has contributed to a better understanding of OHS leading indicators and the relationships between this construct and other elements of OHS such as employee safety motivations and behaviours. The OPM-MU is a short, practical tool for measuring OHS leading indicators. The OPM-MU has now been validated for use in a variety of Australian work environments.

Authors: De Cieri, H; Shea, T; Cooper, B; Sheehan, C; Donohue, R

Keywords: occupational health and safety; OHS; work environment; workplace safety

Date published: March 2016

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A review and evaluation of safety culture and safety climate measurement tools Evidence Review

There is growing interest in the field of occupational health and safety (OHS) in the development and use of tools to measure safety culture and safety climate. Safety culture and safety climate are concepts that are often used interchangeably. In this report, however, they are considered as two distinct but related constructs. Most researchers would agree that safety culture is difficult to measure and it is unlikely that any of the tools available in the public domain to date are capable of measuring safety culture in its entirety.

Authors: Vu, T; De Cieri, H

Keywords: safety climate; safety culture; occupational health and safety; OHS

Date published: December 2015

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Conceptual foundations of safety culture and safety climate measurement: A snapshot review Evidence Review

The aims of the current report are to provide a summary of key theories and conceptual models that underpin the development of safety culture and safety climate measures and to examine approaches to measurement of safety culture and safety climate. This report was written as a companion to the systematic review of safety culture and safety climate measures.

Authors: Vu, T; De Cieri, H

Keywords: safety climate; safety culture

Date published: December 2015

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Leading indicators of occupational health and safety: A report on a survey of Australian Education Union (Victorian Branch) members Research Report

This study presents the results from the survey of Australian Education Union members that tested the OPM (subsequently called the Organizational Performance Metric-Monash University OPM-MU) in Australian settings. Using the OPM-MU, participants provided information about their role in their workplaces, their experience of OHS incidents in the past 12 months, their perceptions, attitudes and behaviours and other issues related to OHS such as risk exposure. Higher OPM-MU scores indicate that individuals are more likely to agree that their workplace has features that should lead to prevention of work-related illnesses and injuries. The results showed that the OPM-MU was a reliable measure of OHS leading indicators.

Authors: De Cieri, H ; Shea, T; Donohue, R; Sheehan, C; Cooper, B

Keywords: occupational health and safety; OHS; safety climate; safety culture; workplace injury; work environment; mental health; workplace risk

Date published: July 2015

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Safety culture and climate definitions suitable for a regulator: A systematic literature review Research Report

Defining safety culture and safety climate from a regulator’s perspective is useful for developing appropriate strategies for improving workplace safety. This study found over 100 different definitions of safety culture, safety climate and related constructs however only one Australian OHS regulator (WorkCover NSW) had a definition in place.

Authors: Vu, T; De Cieri, H

Keywords: safety climate; safety culture

Date published: April 2014

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Defining safety culture from a regulator's perspective: Scoping study Research Report

This study is the first of a three year postdoctoral research program on safety culture and safety climate with a view to include these concepts in a suite of modern regulatory tools. The objective of this study was to identify and/or develop suitable definitions of safety culture and safety climate that can be operationalised by WorkSafe through its strategies and programs. This comprised a review of the published and grey literature on safety culture and safety climate and consultation with WorkSafe employees and stakeholders to discuss and define the scope of the review of safety culture and safety climate definitions, identify research outcomes and deliverables that are relevant and important to WorkSafe and their stakeholders, and identify priority projects within the postdoctoral research project. The consultation process resulted in a change to the order of the postdoctoral research projects.

Authors: Vu, T; De Cieri, H

Keywords: safety climate; safety culture; workplace inspection; occupational health and safety; OHS

Date published: October 2013

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